Alzheimer stages

Alzheimer’s disease is a disease that gets worse over time, and is usually broken down into three stages: the early Alzheimer stage, the middle Alzheimer stage and the late Alzheimer stage. Each person may experience slight different symptoms and progression of the disease, but these stages are describing the generic progression of the disease.

Overview of Alzheimer’s stages progression

In general, Alzheimer’s disease symptoms worsen over time. The pace on which the disease progress, however, can vary widely between person to person. On the physical level, The changes in the brain cells proceed external symptoms, and may begin many years before any external signs show. This period is usually referred to as the “preclinical Alzheimer’s disease”.

The different stages of Alzheimer, described below show how different abilities are impacted once the brain damage is severe enough to start having external indications:

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Early stage Alzheimer’s

In the early stage of Alzheimer, the person suffering from the disease is still capable of proper functioning and is still independent. The main symptom of the early stage of Alzheimer is short term memory loss and difficulties with language. Examples of common symptoms are difficulties in structuring sentences due to forgetting of certain words, and forgetting location of everyday objects.

Early signs of Alzheimer:

– Coming up with right word or name
– Remembering names of new people
– Forgetting what has just been said
– Losing or forgetting objects (keys, groceries, etc.)

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Middle stage Alzheimer’s:

The middle stage of Alzheimer is in most cases the longest stage. It can take many many years, and at this stage, as time goes by the person suffering from Alzheimer will need more assistance, attention and care from the family members and caretakers.

Main symptoms of Middle stage Alzheimer’s:

-Forgetting big events from the person’s history (weddings, children, etc.)
-Emotional swings and moody behaviour, especially in social situations
-Forgetting personal information such as the person’s phone number or address
-Changes in sleep patterns
-Extreme personality and behavioural changes, like being suspicious, paranoid or compulsive regarding certain behaviours (like hand washing)

Late stage Alzheimer’s:

In the last stage of Alzheimer, known as the late stage, the symptoms are extremely severe. The person who is suffering from the disease completely loses the ability to interact and respond to his environment appropriately. At this stage, the person cannot have a proper conversation, and also loses his ability to control movement properly.

Main symptoms of Late stage Alzheimer’s:

-The person with late stage Alzheimer requires 24/7 assistance
-Complete loss of awareness of recent events as well as their environment
-Degrade in physical abilities such as walking, sitting and swallowing.
-Become highly vulnerable to infections such as Pneumonia.