What is memory loss

In this article we will explore the definition of short term memory loss, and possible causes of it.

What is short term memory loss

When a person is experiencing short term memory loss, he will be able to easily remember major life events from the distant past, such as weddings or national events, but will be confused and forgetful about the details of events that happened just a short while ago, such as what he had for breakfast, or where he had left his keys.

Causes for short term memory loss

There are various different possible reasons for short term memory loss. Some of the possible causes are a result of mental conditions and others are a consequence of injury or trauma coming from the outside.

One possible cause for short term memory loss is brain aneurysm. Aneurysms are bulging spots that take place on the wall of arteries in the brain. The aneurysms can cause bleeding to other compartments of the brain which damages and possibly destroys brain cells.

Other common memory loss causes are:

-Brain tumor
-Cancer treatment
-Brain infection
-Alcohol and drug abuse
-Heart bypass surgery
-A traumatic event


Amnesia is a state in which the person completely forgets memories, facts, information and life events. Unlike a temporary episode of memory loss of forgetfulness, amnesia can last much longer and even become permanent.

People with Amnesia will usually remember who they are, but will completely lose the ability to store new information in the brain. They will not have the ability to learn any new skills, get familiar with new people, etc.

Tests for short-term memory loss

The tests for clinical diagnosis of short term memory loss include a combination of cognitive skills tests, that help the professional get an impression of the individual’s ability to think, focus and concentrate. Some doctors will also do blood tests, as sometimes a lack of vitamin B-12 or some thyroid disease can play a role in short term memory loss as well.

Other medical tests involve MRI or CT scan of the head, which allows the doctor to get an impression of the electrical activity of the brain, and the blood flow in different parts of the brain.